How do we create policies that accurately fit the interests of indigenous groups within the country? How can we be respectful of Indigenous groups while still creating meaningful and useful policies? These questions are commonly asked by countries that host indigenous tribes. Sometimes these questions are made more complicated when some of these indigenous groups remain completely uncontacted by their host country. Policies have been made in the past that may not have aligned with indigenous practices, and may have also effected these indigenous cultures. In order to address the previously stated questions, responsible and respectful education of these cultures and histories is a top priority. This policy brief is created with this goal in mind, while also keeping the information in an accessible format. A completely unbiased stance on this issue may not be completely realistic, however the purpose of this brief is to inform on background and precedence. This brief will be discussing the long history of many of these indigenous tribes which often extends far before European contact with the Americas. This brief also will cover the Pristine Myth, a common way the Amazon is perceived within contemporary western cultures. We will also be speaking about the influence of colonialism on indigenous cultures, in respect both to the assimilation and exploitation of indigenous groups. This background will allow us to speak about modern indigenous cultures with an accurate base of knowledge, which will also grant a new perspective on past policies and the effects this had on indigenous peoples. Finally, this will resolve into the global context of this issue, which will speak about the precedent and possible shortcomings within the global community. This policy brief, should provide a basic understanding on the issue, however it is important to note that not all experiences can be covered by a single paper. Holes in this brief are not meant to intentionally leave out any experiences and I acknowledge that their may be some groups that do not identify with the narrative outlined in the following.