Women are not receiving proper reproductive health services and education in the Amazon, resulting in high unintended pregnancy and mortality rates.
Adolescent pregnancy is a growing issue in the Amazon River Basin and how the health and reproductive services in the area are not strong enough to provide for every woman in need. Especially for pregnant women, these resources are important in order to increase the probability of both the mother and child surviving child birth. For those women who are not pregnant, it is still important to have these resources in place for preventive measures, like modern contraceptives, that will protect women from diseases and unintended pregnancy.
Due to the relocation of villages and homes, people are found living in stranded areas where basic resources cannot reach. One of the barriers for bringing women’s health services to the Ecuadorian Amazon is the fact that there are women living in areas that are difficult to access. In multiple studies, women show to speak in mostly Spanish. When trying to build and deliver the resources, it is important to consider the possible language barrier that could cause issue or misunderstanding between the people supplying the resources and the people receiving the resources.
The severity of the issue tends to be undermined because not a lot of people outside of Ecuador, as well as the women that reside in Ecuador, are educated properly about reproductive health and the consequences that follow when preventative measures are not implemented correctly.
The unintended pregnancy rate for Ecuador is 62.7%.
High unintended pregnancy rate doesn’t just happen on its own, there are foundational issues that create a chain reaction to cause this high statistic. One of the foundational issues is the illiteracy rate for women in Ecuador. Indigenous women have a 12.9% education rate, while rural Ecuador has 7.9%, and the women of the whole Amazon have 2.7%. The relationship between illiteracy and unintended pregnancy is a strong indicator of how there is a lack of education in both general curriculum and sex education.
If educational resources are not built and supplied in the Ecuadorian Amazon, then the world would be ignoring a gender equality issue. The Amazon River Basin is struggling to gain these resources and educate their people about the dangers of adolescent pregnancy, or even pregnancy in general, for those that have no access to the resources. The broader implications on this topic imply that women of the Amazon need to be educated. If a woman were to get pregnant at a young age, or any age for that matter, it should be a pregnancy they want and hopefully can support.