The European Union is made up of various countries to try and create more cohesion. There are regulations for trade amongst each other and financial aid. The goal is to promotion of human rights all around the world and even internally. It seems that over time the main objective isn’t obvious with all the trades and regulations. One downfall to this system is if one country goes down, everyone involved is affected. One reason many members are questioning membership is due to the economy. There is a high national debt and the banks are questionable at times (Kupchan). Many countries holding membership are thinking of holding a referendum in regards to ties with the European Union. Various factors come into play when pondering a referendum. It depends on what the country wants, motivation, and how likely things will turn out in their favor. By stepping away from the European Union, countries gain back their sovereignty and politics. Under the E.U., there are certain regulations that must be followed for trade with each other and other interactions. Being away from that, countries can make their own ties and possibly on their terms. One of the biggest motivators and supporters of referendums are those in politics. Granted other people are interested but these are the ones we hear about in the media. Right wing populism is on the rise almost nationwide for it brings hope to some (Kupchan). The hard edged nationalism and grit appeal to many hoping to bring change to current circumstances. The negative to this is the aim at minorities and loss of autonomy accompanying the political union (Kupchan). There is interest in control of the politics and even money for some.
France is one of the most known recently for its possible future with this political race. Running is Marine Le Pen and she believes that a referendum should be called (Aodha). Interestingly enough, France was one of the highest countries to show support with the Brexit result. France is highly influential in the European Union and brings in a lot of revenue. At the same time there are many politicians in France that are skeptical of the European Union. Sweden is not as aggressive with leaving the E.U. The majority of the parties and people want to keep ties with the E.U. One thing that might change this viewpoint is if regulations are imposed that didn’t agree with the Sweden democrats (Aodha). Leaders of anti-immigration parties hope that the relationship with the E.U. can be renegotiated. Denmark has a similar mindset to Sweden. Instead of a referendum on ties with the E.U., Denmark want to revise some conditions of membership (Lyons). Unlike France, Denmark viewed Brexit as a slap in the face to the system. Austria on the other hand will base a referendum vote on the next few moves Brussels (current ‘leader’ of the E.U.) makes. If Brussels tries to centralize politics and pushes aside the role of of trade and economic alliances, then Austria will vote. The Anti-Immigration Freedom Party believes that the European Union should be about economy and not politics as much (Lyons). Other countries such as Italy, Netherlands, and Germany are also having similar conversations. The next few elections in general may also hold the future of the European Union.