My project basis is that of Austria. This project is also on the correlation between this subject and the standardizations that have come to the European Union. As being a member of the European Union they’re laws being enforced on its member countries, Austria being one of them. To narrow this, the standardizations of guns, travel, and NATO will be applied to this. This project has the basis of a group project, as these influences were gathered from that.
Austria gun standardizations are tied to that of the European Union. For instance, the selling of guns to articles 4 and 8 of Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons documentation by the European Parliament and council. As well as the actual ownership being tied to 4th, 6th, and 7th articles of this document. The firearm law in Austria is a mixture of UN and EU regulations, it contains adaptions from the Weapons Act,1996, the “Trade and Industrial Code”, 2002, the “War Material Act”, the “Foreign Trade Act”, the “Council Directive 91/477/CEE of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons
, the “European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012”, the “Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003”, and the “Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms” (Alpers). Austria gun laws in a sense have been standardized or turned into those of EU laws.
Travel and trade go hand in hand, mostly through trade evidence. The top three percentile of exports and import for Austria involve its neighboring countries, Germany, France and Switzerland. This shows the inverse of travel however, as they are neighbors. Meaning, there basically is no travel, however due to the fact they are trading frequently must make them have some sort of communication/agreement for getting to countries on the other side of Austria. Meaning that they could use their roads(Austria) and vice versa for the ease of trade. However, this should already be covered by the European Union, as its original purpose was for that of trade. So, it would most likely be better to look at the condition of the roads. Which are all documented as in excellent condition. However, which types of roads are use for trade, highways, or more specifically in Europe the autobahn. Which in the previous month, Austria is trying to sue Germany for trying to place tolls on their autobahn (Afp). Which would slow down trade and effectively be against the free movement of trade and people. So, Austria does care about travel because of trade, as well as to protect its roads for travel.
Austria is however not truly a part of NATO, this is because they decided to be a “neutral”. However, it is part of NATO’s Partnership for Peace Programme. However, this is a premise for trading with the US, or across the Atlantic. There is evidence that there was good trade in 2009 for guns, or at least small arms. In fact 67% of Austria small arms exports were to the US (Harkinson). During 2015, OEC reports that 7.7% of exports went to the US and imports were 3.7% from the US (OEC). However, the biggest trading partner with Austria with that being of 27% export and 39% import (OEC). As of 2015, Austria’s net trade balance has gone from 12.5 billion in 1995 to 4.74 billion, this could correlate to more self-efficiency or to that of Austria selling more priced exports (OEC). To learn more about how being friendly with NATO affects trade please see one of my groups member’s summary (same section).
So, what about the basis of my project about Austria, well that was invaluable information, why because the EU and UN documents things much nicer, meaning that information before the joining of Austria was like finding a needle in a haystack, secondly the adoption of laws. This meant they either adapted their laws or confined them to fit in with the others, meaning previous laws don’t matter in this time. This is due to the premise of connecting this topic to a group project, standardization. The evidence shown through looking at current laws and current issues shows that they are following EU’s example. Meaning this source is more a valuable source as an example that standardization is truly happening, or at documented that is doing so. So at least on the surface, Austria is standardized and gaining riches from it.
Afp. “Austria Says It Will Take Germany to Court over Autobahn ‘foreigner Tolls’.” The Local. The Local, 31 Mar. 2017. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.
Alpers, Philip. “Guns in Austria – Firearms, Gun Law and Gun Control.” Gun Law and Policy: Firearms and Armed Violence, Country by Country. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.
“Austria.” OEC – Austria (AUT) Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners. OEC, n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.
Harkinson, Josh. “Charts: How Foreign Firms Flood America With Guns-and Get Rich Doing It.” Mother Jones. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2017.