COR – Arab Spring
Egypt’s Triumph Over Dictators
The Arab spring showcased a wave of uprising across the Arab World in which oppressed populations overthrew totalitarian governments. However, many nations ended up either dissolving into war zones, or erecting new religious governments that just as oppressive as before. This has been a recurring trend among Arab nations, where Arab populations become stuck choosing between dictatorships and militant theocracies. Egypt is one such nation that went from ousting a secularist dictator, to then electing a new president that would barely differ from the previous one. Though, the people of Egypt refused to let the cycle continue and again ousted the president, which showed the world it is possible for the Arab World to push beyond the duality of autocracy towards freedom and democracy.
Egypt, like many other Arab countries prior to the Arab Spring, had been under a long ruling dictator, Hosni Mubarak, who had been in power for 30 years. It was only until the brutal murder of Khaled Said by police officers became public did large scale unrest begin to take form in the guise of a facebook group called “We Are Khaled Said.” After months of protests and increasing government suppression, it all culminated on January 25th where millions of Egyptians took the streets and revolted. The ensuing chaos and unrest eventually led to Hosni Mubarak’s resignation. After the military restored moderate order, the first series of free elections saw Mohamed Morsi be chosen to be the first elected Egyptian president. Mohamed Morsi was a long time member of the Muslim Brotherhood, which sought to increase its influence in Egypt after being long repressed by Mubarak’s regime. The public soon realized Morsi was much like his predecessor, as he began to increase presidential power and use his influence in the new government to establish Islamic laws and policies. Eventually the people of Egypt once again revolted, but this time the military took an active role with a coup d’etat, effectively removing Morsi from office.
Egypt has since then had an unclear future, with the nation being led by the former head of the military General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who has taken office as acting president. Many fear that current progress will falter, and the government shall return to its controlling ways. Though many others disagree, continue to have hope that the past will not repeat itself. In their eyes, the Egyptian people are now aware that they are capable of overcoming any obstacle on the road to prosperity and freedom for their country.
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